With LASERS! If you had a couple of tesla coils and a few powerful lasers – you might just be able discover a lot more things!
Turns out that if you ionize a path in the air with powerful laser pulses, you actually create path that the electrons will prefer making it more likely that lightning will strike via the ionized air column. So really it’s like an invisble lightning rod. French researchers manage to move the place where lightning strikes by up to 50 meters, but i suspect that if you create overlapping pulse paths with a few lasers in different directions you can probably improve this.
Now all we need is to figure out how to capture this!